A model of the universe in terms of the 3 dimensions of motion
This is a model of the universe in terms of the geometry of motion. The fundamental constants are reduced to the fine structure constant alpha and the 3 units of motion; Planck momentum, Planck time tp, and velocity -c. It is presumed that the 'matter' of the universe is constructed from standing 'waves' or 'strings' of momentum travelling at -c and modulated according to mathematical formulas which we define as particles (see electron as magnetic monopole). There is no 'physical' matter or energy. It is both a Mathematical Universe Hypothesis MUH and a Planck unit theory.
The model is divided into 4 parts:
1. The fundamental physical constants G, h, e, me, kB... are reduced to geometrical shapes constructed lego-style from Planck momentum and a (proposed) Ampere AQ with -c, Planck time tp and α. Precision within CODATA 2010.
2. Postulates a magnetic monopole as a geometrical shape formed from the Ampere AQ and Planck length. The electron becomes a monopole cubed (AQ.lp)3, the monopole thereby resembles a quark. The electron formula is then used to solve the Rydberg constant, with its 12-digit precision it is the most accurate natural constant.
3. The 4 forces are replaced with physical orbitals. The atomic orbital is not a region of probability where the
orbiting electron may be found, rather it is a 'physical' entity which links the electron to the proton. Likewise the
moon is not orbiting the earth according to an unseen force, rather orbitals (gravitational waves of momentum) are
pulling it along its trajectory.
4. Describes an expanding black-hole universe with a white-hole universe twin. Parameters for a 13.575 billion year
old black hole agree with observations from the the CMB (cosmic microwave background).
Although each section deals with a different topic, the papers fit together and should each be seen in the context as pieces of the puzzle. The 1st paper, which lists the main formlas used in this theory should be used as a reference, also papers 2 & 4 reference each other. Each section is provided with an online calculator to verify the formulas. papers updated 10 April 2014
1: Fundamental physical constants; G, h, e, me, kB...as geometrical forms Postulates the sqrt of Planck momentum Q as the link between mass and charge.
Via Q we may re-define the fundamental physical constants G, h, e, me, kB...:
G (5 digit precision)
h (8 digit precision)
e (8 digit precision)
me (7 digit precision)
in terms of the 4 most accurate natural constants:
c (exact value)
mu0 (exact value) ... permeability of vacuum
R (12 digit precision) ... Rydberg infinity constant
alpha (10 digit precision) ... inverse fine structure constant alpha
2: Electron as a standing wave magnetic monopole Proposes a formula for a magnetic monopole (quark) from Planck time tp, -e, -c and alpha. Uses this monopole to solve the mass of the electron and the Rydberg constant. Results consistent with CODATA 2010. Suggests a temperature particle, the 'kelvon'.
3: GUT Unified Field Theory: the 4 forces as physical standing wave orbitals
Replaces the 4 fundamental forces (strong, electric, gravity) with standing wave orbitals (wave functions are treated as
physical waves, essentially photons albiet of opposite phase).
This offers a rationale for the empty space within an atom, how electrons jump between orbitals in the atom,
what is gravitational potential and kinetic energy, quantum entanglement, the relationship between nuclear binding
energy, ionisation energy and escape velocity...
The online gravitational wave calculator calculates gravitational wave frequencies for a 1kg object lifted to height h.
4: Cosmological constant and expanding black-hole universe with contracting white-hole universe twin
Proposes an expanding rotating charged black-hole universe with a contracting white-hole universe twin. Units of Planck momentum
are transferred in discrete steps from the white-hole universe to our black-hole universe. Derives mass domain parameters from 3-D sphere volume and charge (electromagnetic) domain parameters (i.e.:Stefan-Boltzmann constant) from 4-D sphere surface area.
Offers solution to CMB (cosmic microwave background) mass density, radiation energy density and temperature. Suggests a cosmological constant based on a temperature particle, the 'kelvon'.